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Tips to Prevent Diabetes and Stroke

Preventing Diabetes and Stroke

Doctor On Call

Tips to Prevent Diabetes and Stroke

What is a Stroke?

A stroke is referred to as a condition when a blood artery in the brain breaks or becomes blocked, a stroke happens. When blood and oxygen to the brain are cut off, brain tissue can be damaged resulting in the following:

  • Difficulty understanding or speaking in speech
  • Loss of memory
  • Either paralysis (inability to move) or numbness
  • Depression or difficulties controlling or expressing feelings
  • Difficulty learning, thinking, focusing, or forming opinions
  • Severe cases may lead to death

 

What is the risk of stroke from diabetes?

As compared to people without diabetes, people with diabetes are more likely to experience heart attacks and strokes irrespective of their age. These risks are further increased by smoking, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. It is crucial to regulate blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar in order to avoid heart attacks and strokes. Adults with diabetes have a 1.5-fold increased risk of stroke. Moreover, their risk of dying from a heart attack or stroke is nearly twice that of non-diabetics.

 

How does a stroke happen from diabetes?

Diabetes makes it difficult for your body to properly metabolize food. Your blood becomes thick with glucose, or sugar, when your body is unable to produce enough insulin or uses it improperly.

Elevated blood glucose levels have the potential to harm the body’s blood vessels over time, raising the risk of stroke.

Many adult diabetics also have additional health issues that increase their risk of stroke:

  • Excess body weight (body mass index, or BMI, is best measured between 18.5 and 24.9)
  • Heart conditions
  • Elevated blood pressure
  • Elevated cholesterol

 

What signs of stroke are associated with diabetes?

The signs of a stroke caused by diabetes are the same as those of any other stroke:

  • Issues with talking
  • Lightheadedness, unsteadiness, or difficulty walking
  • Abrupt and severe headache
  • Difficulty in contemplating the situation
  • Double vision or trouble seeing
  • One side of the body experiencing weakness or numbness (for example, one side of the face, one arm, or one leg)

 

If any symptoms apply to you, get medical help right now.

How is a stroke caused by diabetes managed?

Early detection of a stroke or stroke risk can benefit from some therapies, including:

  • Medications to dissolve blood clots.
  • Surgery to open a blood vessel and boost blood flow by inserting a stent (carotid stenting).
  • A carotid endarterectomy is surgery to remove fat that is obstructing your arteries.

 

In the event that a stroke leaves you with permanent effects, rehabilitation could involve the following:

  • Relearning how to perform essential daily tasks, like writing and dressing, through occupational therapy.
  • Physical therapy can help you restore your arms’ and legs’ strength and functionality.
  • Psychological counseling to address any post-stroke mental health concerns.
  • If a stroke impaired your speech, speech therapy can help you learn how to speak more effectively.
Preventing Diabetes and Stroke

Preventing Diabetes and Stroke

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic illness that develops when the body cannot effectively control its levels of glucose, or blood sugar. It happens because the body can’t use the insulin it makes efficiently, or it doesn’t produce enough of it.

Food is broken down during digestion to produce glucose, which the body uses as energy. The pancreas secretes the hormone insulin, which helps move glucose from the bloodstream into cells where it can be used as an energy source. This process is hampered by diabetes, which raises blood sugar levels.

 

Types of Diabetes:

  1. Type 1 diabetes: 

The pancreatic cells that produce insulin are attacked and destroyed by the immune system. This kind frequently affects children and young adults.

  1. Type 2 diabetes: 

Insufficient insulin production by the pancreas or an increase in the body’s resistance to insulin. This kind is more prevalent in adults and is frequently associated with unhealthy lifestyle choices like obesity and inactivity.

  1. Gestational diabetes: 

This condition affects blood sugar levels and develops during pregnancy when the body is unable to produce enough insulin to meet the increased demands.

Diabetes with persistently elevated blood sugar levels can eventually cause serious complications that impact the body’s systems and organs. It increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, vision issues, and nerve damage. It also damages blood vessels, nerves, and organs.

Diabetes raises the risk of strokes significantly because of its effects on blood vessels. Over time, high blood sugar levels can damage blood vessels by encouraging the buildup of fat deposits or clots, which can result in a stroke. Stroke risk is further increased by diabetes-related risk factors, including obesity, heart disease, high blood pressure, and elevated cholesterol.

 

Signs and symptoms

The symptoms of a diabetic stroke are similar to those of any other stroke: 

  • Trouble speaking
  • A sharp headache
  • Numbness or weakness on one side of the body
  • Difficulty walking, and abnormal vision. Getting medical help as soon as these symptoms appear is essential.

Managing the risk of stroke in people with diabetes entails early detection and treatment with blood clot-dissolving medications, blood flow-improving surgeries, and post-stroke rehabilitation that includes physical and occupational therapy as well as psychological counseling for possible mental health issues.

It is essential to comprehend and control diabetes through dietary changes, medication compliance, and routine check-ups in order to reduce the risks associated with it, such as strokes, and to greatly enhance long-term health outcomes.

 

What is Blood Sugar?

Maintaining an appropriate blood sugar level can reduce your risk of stroke and heart disease.

Talk with your doctor about your diabetes medications. When it comes to lowering the risk of heart attacks and strokes, some diabetes medications work better than others. If you have already received a diagnosis of cardiovascular issues, this benefit is greater.

You run a higher risk of suffering another heart attack or stroke if you’ve already had one. Find out from your healthcare provider if you are taking the diabetes medications that provide the best defense against heart attacks and strokes.

 

What is Cholesterol?

The walls of the arteries (blood vessels) of your heart may get clogged with excess cholesterol. It can lessen or completely stop blood flow and constrict your arteries. The plaque is also brittle, with the potential to burst at any time and produce a blood clot. A heart attack, stroke, or other significant cardiac conditions are brought on by this.

The majority of diabetics are given medication to lower their LDL cholesterol levels. Most frequently, statin medications are used. The proper way to take your statin medication and how to monitor for side effects should be learned. If you need to aim for a specific LDL level, our doctor will let you know.

Your doctor could recommend taking statin medications at larger dosages if you have other risk factors for heart disease or stroke. At minimum once a year, your doctor should examine your cholesterol levels. One must consume foods low in fat and learn how to prepare and buy heart-healthy foods. Additionally, make sure you do lots of physical exercise. Consult our physician about the types of exercises that are right for you.

 

What is Blood Pressure or BP?

Regularly check your blood pressure. Every time you see your doctor, your blood pressure should be taken. A systolic blood pressure (top number) of 130 to 140 mm Hg and a diastolic blood pressure (bottom number) of less than 90 mm Hg are good blood pressure goals for some diabetics. See your physician to know about what’s best for you. Especially, if you have already experienced a heart attack or stroke.

Your blood pressure can be lowered by exercising, eating a low-salt diet, and, if you are overweight or obese, by reducing weight. Your doctor will prescribe medication to lower your blood pressure if it is too high. Heart attacks and strokes can be avoided by managing blood pressure just as much as blood sugar.

 

What is the relationship between diabetes and stroke?

The relationship between diabetes and stroke has to do with how the body uses blood glucose for energy production. Glucose is produced when most food is broken down for human use. After food is digested, glucose enters the bloodstream and moves to all of the body’s cells.

Insulin is a hormone that is required for glucose to enter cells and supply energy. The pancreas produces the appropriate amounts of this insulin. For those with Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce insulin (previously called juvenile diabetes). 

In individuals with Type 2 diabetes, the pancreas either produces insufficient amounts of insulin or uses it improperly by the muscles, liver, and fat. Consequently, uncontrolled diabetes causes an excess of glucose in the blood, which prevents cells from getting enough energy. Excessive blood glucose levels have the potential to cause stroke by gradually increasing fatty deposits or clots in blood arteries.

 

What is the importance of exercise and nutrition for diabetic patients?

Muscle cells may utilize insulin and glucose more effectively when weight is lost as a result of a nutritious diet and increased physical activity, which reduces the risk of diabetes. Muscle cells can become less sensitive to the hormone insulin, which regulates blood sugar levels if they do not exercise.

Exercise will make you stronger and healthier even if you don’t lose weight. Healthy habits can definitely postpone the onset of diabetes even if they don’t prevent it.

 

How to avoid complications?

It can take discipline to give up sugary and fatty meals and to keep up a regular exercise regimen, but the benefits are enormous because cardiovascular disease is far more common in those who are at risk for diabetes.

The majority of individuals with the condition exhibit high blood pressure; diabetes is the primary cause of renal disease; heart disease is two to four times more common in those with diabetes, and the risk of stroke is also two to four times higher.

 

Ways to Prevent Diabetes and Stroke?

People generally struggle while finding the answer to “How can I lower my risk of a diabetic stroke”. “How can I live healthily”?

But the answer is pretty simple: Lifestyle changes.

If you have diabetes, you can reduce your risk of stroke by adopting the following lifestyle modifications:

 

  • Make sure your blood sugar is within a healthy range (less than 140 mg/dL) by checking it frequently.
  • Regularly check your blood pressure and let your healthcare staff know about any issues.
  • To reduce cholesterol and keep your weight in check, eat a healthy, balanced diet.
  • Engage in regular exercise.
  • To keep your vitality and health intact, get enough sleep.
  • Don’t forget any of your doctor’s appointments.
  • Eat less salt if you want your blood pressure to be more in control.
  • Lose belly fat and stay at a healthy weight for you.
  • Give up using tobacco products and/or smoking.
  • As directed by your doctor, take all of your prescriptions.

 

How is a stroke tested?

A medical professional who suspects you may have had a stroke will probably:

  • The doctor will check your ability to move your arms, legs, and face muscles.
  • You can assess your clarity of thought by asking you to describe an object or picture, or by answering a few basic questions.
  • Get imaging tests for your brain, including an MRI or CT scan.
  • To analyze your heart (electrocardiogram) or blood vessels (ultrasound or arteriogram), use other tests.

 

How do we reduce the dangers of stroke or heart attack?

  • Working out

Being active or working out every day can reduce your risk of suffering a heart attack or stroke. For example, taking a 30-minute walk every day can help reduce your risks.

  • Portion control

Observe portion control and stick to your meal plan as additional ways to reduce your risks. If you are obese or overweight, this can aid in your weight loss.

  • Quit smoking

Avoid smoking cigarettes. See your physician if you require assistance in stopping. Steer clear of cigarette smoke as well.

  • Regular medications

Take your medications as directed by your healthcare providers. Never skip a doctor’s appointment.

 

See your diabetes care doctor as recommended by your physician. Medical professionals will monitor your blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol during these appointments. 

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